According to the SME Competitiveness Outlook 2019, the main factors holding investors back from channeling more funding into otherwise profitable investment opportunities in developing countries include a lack of scalable investment projects, non-transparent investment processes, misguided perceptions of the risks of investing in SMEs, and a lack of knowledge about enterprise capacities.
The report, released to coincide with the United Nations Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day on 27 June, sets out an agenda for overcoming these bottlenecks and connecting cash-rich investors with investor-ready SMEs. It identifies potential SME investors, the challenges they face in financing small business, and how these challenges may be overcome with the right policy responses.
Other key findings and recommendations of the SME Competitiveness Outlook 2019 include:
• SMEs are fundamentally intertwined with the SDGs: More competitive SMEs can contribute to 60% of the 169 targets underpinning the 17 SDGs. Their most prominent impact will be on sustainable growth and employment (Goal 8) and sustainable industrialization and innovation (Goal 9).
• Connecting investment promotion agencies to SMEs: Every year $600 billion of foreign direct investment flows into developing countries, mostly to large firms. Stronger investment promotion agencies, with good connections to investment-ready SMEs, are needed to enable small business to benefit.
• Bundling small business investments: Big foreign investors don’t invest in individual SMEs, they invest in thousands at a time. ‘Big Money’ will therefore only flow to ‘small business’ if local financial institutions (banks, funds, non-governmental organizations) are able to bundle SME investments into billion-dollar investment opportunities.
• Embed accelerators in innovation hubs: Accelerators can play an important role for start-up investment but will not live up to the hype unless they are embedded in effective innovation hubs.
• The report compliments ongoing discussions in the World Trade Organization on investment facilitation aimed at increasing transparency and predictability of investment procedure.
The 85 country profiles contained in the report allow readers to develop a deeper understanding of strengths and weaknesses in the competitiveness landscape for SMEs. In addition, the report contains eight case studies and thought-leader articles by Amina J. Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General, United Nations; Coimbatore Ramasamy Anandakrishnan, Executive Director, KPR Mill Ltd; John Denton, Secretary-General, International Chamber of Commerce; Clare Akamanzi, Chief Executive Officer, Rwanda Development Board; and Stefano Manservisi, Director-General for International Cooperation and Development, European Commission.
Notes for the Editor
The following countries are profiled in the competitiveness index: Albania, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Côte d’Ivoire, Czechia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Eswatini, Ethiopia, the Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
The official launch of the SME Competitiveness Outlook 2019 will take place at the World Trade Organization’s headquarters at 15.00 CET on 27 June in Room CR. Members of the media are also invited to attend the official launch.
For further background on the SME Competitiveness Outlook, please visit: intracen.org/SMEoutlook