Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation: Global Report 2023

Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation: Global Report 2023

This report presents the results of the fifth UN Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation. It brings together information from countries worldwide pertaining to the implementation of a wide range of trade facilitation measures, going beyond the scope of measures included in the World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). The report endeavours to foster a forward-looking approach to trade facilitation for countries and development partners, facilitating a deeper comprehension and monitoring of progress, supporting evidence-based public policies, sharing good practices, and identifying emerging needs for capacity-building and technical assistance.

UNCTAD - Technology and innovation for cleaner and more productive and competitive production

Technology and innovation for cleaner and more productive and competitive production

We live in a time of rapid technological change, at the height of the push for digital transformation and the early stages of the Industry 4.0 revolution. These technological waves have great potential to help the global community to bring about the transformations needed to achieve the SDGs, reduce poverty, tackle climate change, and put the world on a sustainable path. They also offer a window of opportunity for developing countries to catch up technologically and narrow global divides.

Critical areas for innovation in this new technological revolution are renewable energy technologies and frontier technologies for sustainable production and consumption. Innovation in these areas could help diversify economies and create higher- wage jobs while protecting the planet.

This study focuses on national strategies and policies related to green technology and green innovation for cleaner, more productive, and competitive production, and the role of international cooperation, including triangular and South-South cooperation, in supporting developing countries to benefit from windows of opportunity for developing, using, adopting and adapting these frontier technologies in production processes for catching up economically and technologically.

There are sound environmental, social, and economic reasons to support green technologies’ development, diffusion, and implementation. Not only can they help to address current environmental problems, but there are valuable economic benefits in the form of job creation and alleviation of poverty and socio-economic inequality associated with their implementation.

It is mainly in response to global ecological and socio-economic pressures that countries worldwide have begun to focus on sustainable development agendas and green economic growth, in which green technologies play a central role.

Questions addressed in this paper include:

What should countries do to take advantage of this window of opportunity?
How could the international community support developing countries in this regard?
The paper is structured as follows.

The next three sections set the stage by discussing greener growth paths and innovation’s role (Section II), examining the concept and main characteristics of green technology and innovation (Section III) and trends affecting green innovation (Section IV).

Section V looks at green windows of opportunities for countries to catch up, focusing on three areas: the production of renewable energy technologies, the greening of global value chains through the adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies, and the diversification of economies towards greener sectors.

Section VI discusses the facilitation of technology transfer of green technologies through ODA, trade and FDI, while Section VII presents the initiatives of the United Nations System in this regard.

Section VIII examines ways for harnessing green technology and innovation for inclusive and sustainable development. And Section IX presents a brief conclusion and recommendations for the consideration of Governments and the international community.

The study also includes two Annexes: Annex A highlights relevant technical cooperation programmes of the United Nations System, and Annex B lists suggested questions for discussion to facilitate the dialogue on green technology at the Intersessional Panel of the Commission in October 2022.

UNCTAD - Economic Development in Africa Report _ The potential of Africa to capture technology-intensive global supply chains

Economic Development in Africa Report 2023 – The potential of Africa to capture technology-intensive global supply chains

UNCTAD’s Economic Development in Africa Report 2023 examines the continent’s potential to become a major participant in global supply chains for high-technology sectors like automobiles, mobile telephones, renewable energy and health care.

Recent disruptions due to trade turbulence, economic uncertainty, a global pandemic and geopolitical events have compelled manufacturers worldwide to diversify their production locations and geographical footprint.

This presents opportunities for African governments and businesses to position the continent as the new destination for global supply chains.
It has an abundance of critical minerals needed for high-tech and green products and is home to a young, tech-savvy population, an adaptable workforce and a burgeoning middle class.

The African Continental Free Trade Area also offers advantages by easing access to regional markets and strengthening production chains across the continent, helping domestic industries become more prepared for the global arena.

The report recommends policy actions to overcome supply chain hurdles African countries face, including poor logistics, low levels of technology, fragmented markets, limited capital sources, and weak institutions and regulations.

Handbook on Measuring Digital Trade SECOND EDITION

Handbook on Measuring Digital Trade -2nd edition

The Handbook on Measuring Digital Trade (second edition) provides a framework and practical guidance on how to measure digital trade. Building upon the first edition issued in 2019, the Handbook aims to address the challenges inherent in measuring digital trade and to establish consistent practices that will allow for comparable data across countries.

The Handbook focuses on two key elements: digitally ordered trade and digitally delivered trade. Furthermore, it highlights the important role of digital intermediation platforms (DIPs) in facilitating digital trade and addresses particular compilation challenges in measuring DIP transactions.

The Handbook represents a comprehensive agreed approach to measuring digital trade. It incorporates extensive compilation guidance based on substantive inputs and case studies from both developed and developing economies. It also provides a reporting template, facilitating the production and dissemination of digital trade statistics. The template offers flexibility to statistical compilers, even when only partial information is available.

The publication is jointly authored by the WTO, the International Monetary Fund, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.