Originally published on European Council.eu
On 11 December, development ministers discussed and adopted conclusions on the updated strategy on aid for trade, as presented in the Commission communication of November 2017 “Achieving prosperity through trade and investment: updating the 2007 joint EU strategy on aid for trade”.
The conclusions reflect the Council’s position on the updated EU strategy on aid for trade, which aims to improve the integration of developing countries into the international trading system and to enable trade and investment to contribute to reducing poverty.
The initial “aid for trade” strategy was adopted in October 2007 in response to the WTO-led initiative of the same name. The updated strategy follows up on and reflects the policy priorities of the UN’s 2030 agenda on sustainable development adopted in September 2015 and the European consensus on development endorsed by the EU and its member states in June 2017. The main objectives of the revision are to improve complementarity between trade and development policies and to increase the effectiveness of the strategy, enhancing allocations to the least developed countries, countries in situations of fragility and countries affected by conflict.
In particular the updated strategy aimed to increase the synergies between the different development financing tools that the EU and its member states use to promote aid for trade; and of enhancing the impact of aid for trade programmes, through greater engagement with the private sector, civil society, and local authorities. The strategy also aim to ensure that increased trade benefits all the society, including women.
EU aid for trade complements other trade policy measures in favour of developing countries. These relate in particular to the EU’s generalised scheme of preferences (GSP and GSP+ and Everything But Arms), which allows developing countries to pay less or no duty on their exports to the EU, and to bilateral trade agreements with trading partners. For example, the economic partnership agreements (EPAs) between the EU and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries create preferential trading conditions while protecting sensitive sectors of ACP economies.
The EU and its member states’ aid in support of trade and productive capacities reached more than €13 billion in 2015, and almost €100 billion over the period 2008-2015. This represents a third of global aid for trade and makes the EU the biggest aid donor worldwide. In addition, an independent study on the economic benefits generated by EU trade regimes towards developing countries conducted in 2015 concluded that EU trade policy had significantly increased exports from developing countries and contributed to their economic diversification.